Roster of the 103d PA Infantry

BAGLEY, Samuel:  Pvt.;  Co. G; m: “Jan. 10, 62” Tarentum as BIGLEY.  Aug. 5, 62 Phila. Master’s St. Hosp.: discharged, Surg. Cert.: m: “Feb. 24, 61" 18  5’9” grey eyes  dark hair  mason  typhoid fever while at Fair Oaks battlefield.  Pvt.; 3d. Pa. Hvy. Arty.; m: Feb. 16, 64. Nov. 9, 65 discharged. Mar. 22, 1897 pension #1187909/944525 Pa..  July 11, 1911 Marion, Ind. died. Sep. 30, 1916 widow Jennie pension #1080114/835236 Pa. 

BAILEY, Samuel:  Pvt.; age “20”; Co. D; m: Sep. 25, 61. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted. Feb. 2, 64 Plymouth veteran - “19"  blue eyes   dark hair 5’6”  farmer.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Feb. 27, 65 Wilmington, NC N. E. Ferry paroled. June 25, 65 discharged.  Mar. 31, 1886 pension #567998/944344/C972392.  1890 Census: m: Sep. 25, 61 - June 25, 65; res.: Goheenville, Wayne Twnshp., Armstrong Co. Sep. 22, 1917 Wayne Twnshp. died.  Oct. 15, 1917 widow Elizabeth pension #1108566/841021. Buried in Jerusalem Lutheran Cemetery, Armstrong Co., PA. Headstone

BAIR (BEIR), William T.:  Pvt.; age 23; Co. B; m: Sep. 24, 61.  July 6, 62 NY Times: aboard Str. STATE of  MAINE  White House - Ft. Monroe.  Jan. 2, 64 to Sgt. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted. Feb. 2, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Armstrong Co.  25   grey eyes   brown hair  5’9½”  farmer.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston  Florence   Salisbury   Richmond Feb. 22, 65.  Fall 1864 Florence: Sanitary Comm. issued shirt and hat. Paroled: Feb. 22, 65 Salisbury or Feb. 28, 65 Aikens Landing (mil.); Feb. 20, 65 (Regt.).  June 8, 65 discharged.  1890 Census: m: Sep. 24, 61 - June 21, 65; res.: Pittsburgh.  Aug. 13, 1890 pension #874731/848390.  Nov. 18, 1904 Pittsburgh Penn Hsp. died. Nov. 21, 04 White Rock Cemetery buried.  Jan. 7, 05 widow Belle pension #819830/615401 Calif. 

BAKER, George:  Sgt.; Co. G; m: Jan. 10, 62 (Regt.); Sep. 1, 61 (mil) Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.   Feb. 3, 64 Plymouth veteran - 23  brown eyes  fair hair  5’6”  laborer.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston  Florence.  Fall 1864 Florence: Sanitary Comm. issued shirt, drawers, hat. Paroled: Feb. 26-28, 65; or Apr. 20, 65; or  Mar. 1, 65 Wilmington, NC N. E. Ferry.  March 12, 65 NY Times:  aboard Str. GEN. LYON Wilmington - Annapolis arrive Mar. 7.  May 1, 65 to Sgt.  June 25, 65: New Bern: mustered out.  July 13 (14), 65 Harrisburg:  discharged.  May 18, 1883 pension #483754/384654.  Apr. 15, 1905 Dayton, Ohio Sold. & Sailor’s Home: #30320  m: July 1861 Pittsburgh Pvt. Co. G 103 Pa. Jan. 1, 64 “Suffolk” Sgt. - June 25, 65; veteran  cardiac  born Pa. 67  5’6”  brown eyes  gray  hair  reads/writes  Prot.  laborer  res. Beaver Falls  married  notify: daughter Mrs. Emma Lewallow, Woodburn, Iowa.  pension.  June 28, 1905 requested discharge  July 27, 16 National Tribune:  in or near Creston, Iowa died on Dec. 28, 15.

BAKER, William:  Pvt.; Co. F; m: ?.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW Anders.  July 8, 64 Anders. Hosp.  July 17, 64  Anders.: died, acute diarr.  Anders. Nat. Cem. #3477 buried. 3 December 64 Pittsburgh Dispatch: died Andersonville July 17.  ((Note:  Sgt. Edgar Irish, 85th. NY brought home from Anders. a scrap of paper listing his mess group #38-1; some names were lined through indicating death; among the names was Wm.;  not listed  by Bates and Regt. History but listed Roll of Honor and Report by Pa. Surgeon; search of Archives  military file found two papers misfiled, Cas. Report and POW Form, in another Baker’s file; removed and file established for Wm.

BANKER (BENKER), Martin W.:  Nov. 20, 61 Butler Co. enrolled.  Pvt.; Co. E; m: Nov. 25, 61 Butler Co. (mil.); Dec. 7, 61 (Regt.).  April 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston  Florence.  Died: o/a Nov. 22, 64 Florence (mil.) in prison, reported by comrades (Regt.).  Florence Nat. Cem. buried as UNKNOWN. Dec. 27, 1865 widow Eva Elizabeth pension #118177/137237.

BANNER (BENNER), Adam:  Pvt.; age “25"; Co. E; m:  Dec. 7, 61.  April 1862: duty teamster.  Oct. 20, 63 Beaufort, NC hospital. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.  Feb. 2, 64 Plymouth veteran  born Butler  “22”  grey eyes  sandy hair  5’10¾”  farmer.  March 1864: duty teamster.  April 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Paroled: Feb. 26 - 28 65 Wilmington, NC N. E. Ferry (mil.); Feb. 26 and March 1 (Regt.).  June 25, 65 New Bern: mustered out.  April 13, 65 Harrisburg: discharged.  March 24, 1882 pension #443849/460937.  1890 Census:  Jan. 1, 64 - June 25, 65 diarr., scurvy, piles; res: Bedford. 1905 Anders Mon.  Ded.; res.: Bedford Stair Crossing. 1908 died. Sep. 23, 1908 widow Mary pension #904771/666359. June 9, 1910 minor pension #943716/705224.

BARGERSTOCK, Adam (BERGERSTOCK):  Pvt.; age 22; Co. C; m: Sep. 16, 61.  Apr. 3, 62 Newport News :  sick.  Dec. 14, 62  Battle of Kinston: WIA.   Aug  28. 63 Plymouth court martial:  charge Aug. 11 sleeping on picket duty with accoutrements off; guilty; 6 months jail, 16 days each month hard labor with 24 lb. ball+chain; 14 days each  month bread and water in solitary confinement; forfeit  pay except for laundress; Dec. 22 Gen. Wessells cancelled remaining sentence on recommendation of Regt. and Co. Comdrs. Spring 64 Plymouth reenlisted, veteran -born 1840 Armstrong Co  5’7”  brown eyes  black hair  carpenter.  Sep. 16 - 19, 64 hosp.: remittent fever. Sep. 16, 64 New Bern discharged.  1890 Census:  April 19- July 11, 61; Pvt. Co. C; res.: Allegheny City. Apr. 11, 1895 pension #5888/1064637/C2526735. Sep. 4, 1922 McKees Rocks died.  McKees’s Rock Mt. Calvary Cemetery buried - Jan 1, 1840.  Oct. 4, 1922 widow Margaret pension #1195090/blank.  Jan. 18, 1923 contesting widow Harriet pension #1200475/rejected, no divorce documents.                             

BARKMAN, Edward:  Pvt.; age 20; Co. E; m: Dec. 7, 61.  Veteran (Regt.) military file no entry. Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston  Florence.  Died:  1864 Anders. reported by comrades (Regt.); Oct. 29, 64 Florence (Oct. 9, 84 Casualty Sheet). Florence Nat. Cem. buried as UNKNOWN. 

BARLETT, Lewis:  Pvt.; age 18; Co. A; m: Sep. 7, 61.  Dec. 7, 61: to Co. C, Fifer.  July 6, 62 NY Times: aboard Str. KENNEBEC White House, Va.-  Portsmouth., R. I. hosp. June 28. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.   Feb. 4, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Clarion Co.  20   grey eyes  dark hair  5”8”  soldier. June 25, 65 New Bern mustered out.  July 13, 65 Harrisburg discharged. July 14, 1875 pension #205914/563827. 1890 Census:  Musician, m: Jan. 1, 64 -June 25, 65; res.: Sharpsville, Mercer Co.  June 14, 27 Knox died.  

BARNACLE, Daniel:  Pvt.; age 18, Co. A; m: Sep. 7, 61.  Aug. 62 Harrison’s Landing: absent sick.  June 8, 63 and Aug. 20, 63 Plymouth - Columbia expedition.  Aug 23, 63: returned, sick, fever and chills.  Aug. 23, 63 Plymouth Hosp.: fever and chills. 31 Dec. 63 Plymouth, discharged, reenlisted. Feb. 2, 64 Plymouth veteran - 20  grey eyes  dark hair 5’5” laborer.  April 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston  Florence.  Fall 1864 Florence: San. Com. issued shirt and drawers.  Dec. 10, 64 Charleston paroled.  June 25, 65 New Bern:  mustered out.  July 13, 65 Harrisburg: discharged.  Jan. 13, 1880 pension #334917/327907 - stated while lying on the ground at Florence froze his left hip leaving a cicatrix and, at Andersonville beaten, by Capt. Wirtz, with iron ramrod for trying to escape, Pvt. Goe, medic, stated the former was true and he was treated in the hospital on Roanoke Island after parole.  Aug. 20, 1896 Butler reunion; res.: Pittsburgh.  Sep. 16, 1909 Foxburg reunion; res.: Pittsburgh. May 14, 1908 - May 5, 1909; June 18, 1911 - Jan. 25, 1912; Sep. 24 - Nov. 3, 1914 requested discharge each time; June 14,15 National Soldier’s Home, Dayton: #32824 m: Sep. 17, 61 Kittanning  Co. A - June 25, 65 New Bern veteran Jan 3, 64 Plym. loss two toes right foot, hernia and insomnia  born Pa.  66 yrs.  5’7”  dark complexion  blue eyes  grey hair  reads /writes  Prot.  laborer  res. Pittsburgh  married - Catherine 4324 Penn Ave., Pittsb.  July 15, 15  dropped. Nov. 15, 1927 Pittsburgh died.

BARNHART, Isaac:  Cpl.; age 21;  Co. B; m:  Sep. 24, 61.  April 6, 62: detailed 8th NY Indep. Btry. Pvt.  8 Indep. Btry. N.Y. Lt. Arty.; m: Nov. 28, 63 Gloster Point, VA. - born Armstrong Co. 23  grey eyes   brown hair  5’9½”  farmer.  Nov - Dec. 63 Ft. Monroe: veteran.  Dec. 8, 63 - Jan. 12, 64: furlough.  Apr. 5, 65: to Cpl.  June 30, 65 discharged.  May 16, 1883 pension #483755/630511/XC965750.  1890 Census:  Co. B 103 Pa. m: Sep. 24, 61 - July 8, 65; res.: Brady’s Bend.  July 17, 1919 Kaylor died.  July 1919 widow Mary E. pension #1143767/878052.  ((as written)).  File at Vet. Admin.

BARNHART (BARNHAM), Solomon: Pvt..; Co. B; m: Sep. 24, 61. Jan. 25, 63 Commissioned and mustered  2d Lt.  July 1, 63 commissioned 1st. Lt.  Oct. 14, 63 Plymouth: intermittent fever, debility. Discharged: Oct. 26, 63 (Regt); Nov. 3, 63 New Bern, Surg. Cert.- fair hair  blue eyes  6’0”.  Nov. 25, 1879 pension #326949/343353 - Apr. 17, 62 Yorktown rheum.; Nov. 21, 63 discharged.   Aug. 20, 1896 Multnomah County, Oregon died.  Sep. 25, 1896 widow Mary pension #641070/441192 Pa.

BARR, David M.:  Pvt.; Co. F; m: Dec. 7, 61.  Aug. 15, 62 NY Tribune: aboard  Str. CAHABA Harrison’s Landing - Phila., sick.  Jan. 63 present.  Mar. 26, 63 New Bern: discharged, Surg. Cert.  Apr. 28, 77 pension #234865/192950 or 193950 ((2 Cat. Cards))  Jan. 28, 1917 Curllsville died.  June 11, 1920 widow Sarah E. pension #1158983/A81328.

BARR, George (John G.):  Pvt.; age 18; Co. E; m: Dec. 7, 61. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.    Feb. 2, 64 Plymouth veteran:  born Butler Co.  20  blue eyes  brown hair  5’8½”  farmer.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston  Florence.  Fall 1864 Florence Stockade:  Sanitary Comm. issued blanket.  Paroled Charleston: Dec. 10, 64 (mil.), Dec. 14, 64 (Regt.).  Dec. 16, 1864 Camp Parole.  June 25, 65 New Bern: mustered out.  July 13, 65 Harrisburg: discharged. 1890 Census:  m: Nov. 25, 61 - June 25, 65; res.: Washington, Pa.  May 31, 1892 pension #114424/1028358/C2546314.  Sep. 16, 09 Foxburg reunion; res.: 116 Hall Ave., Washington. May 31, 1929: died.  page 41 photo.

BARR, Jacob (1st.):  Pvt.; Co. A; m: Sep. 7, 61.  May 31, 62 Battle of Fair Oaks: WIA. June 5, 62 National Tribune: WIA.  June 12, 62 NY Times: WIA, knee.  June 26, 62 died from wounds.  Aug. 2, 1879 mother Susannah pension #249239/208346.  Sep. 1, 1879 father Henry pension #250614/223964.  Brother Samuel Co. G.

BARR, Jacob (2d.):  Pvt.; age 22; Co. A; m: Sep. 7, 61.  Feb. 1, 62 failed to report, marked deserter. 

BARR, Peter:  Pvt.; age 27; Co. G; m: Oct. 22, 62 - Rimersburg   27  hazel eyes  brown hair  6’1” farmer.  Dec. 5 - 31, 62 Suffolk: sick.  1864 Plymouth: pay records indicate veteran, no reenlistment papers mil. file.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Died Anders. diarr.: Sep. 9, 64 (mil), Sep. 7, 64 (Regt.).  Anders. Nat. Cem. #8256 buried.  May 25, 65 widow Catherine pension #95169/71967.  Feb. 12, 69 minor pension #171604/149834 - Sep. 18, 68 N. D. Goe, medic, stated he died from scurvy and diarr. on Aug. 15(?) but not certain of the date, at Anders.

BARR, Robert:  Pvt.; age 19; Co. B; m: Sep. 24, 61.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Oct. 64 to  Florence.  Dec. 11, 64 paroled.  Mar. 2, 65 discharged. Aug. 15, 79 res. Allegheny City.  1890 Census:  m: Sep. 24, 61 - March 2, 65 POW 7 mo. 21 days; res.: 75 Sheffield St., Pittsburgh.  Apr. 15, 1890 pension #768405/750683 - while being transferred from Anders. to Florence, too weak to stand and was lying down in boxcar,  hernia caused  when trampled by POWs being loaded by CSA guards and on April 1862 left leg an accident caused  by a bayonet wound, to Newport News hospital   Jan. 7, 94 Soldier’s Nat. Home, Dayton:  #21206 m: Sep. 24, 61 Kittanning - Mar. 2, 65 Pittsb. POW Anders. Florence  scurvy loss teeth  born Ireland  52 yrs.  5’4”   grey hair & eyes  reads/writes  Prot.  hostler  res.: Allegheny  married  notify son Robert, Mansfield, Ohio  pension. Also at Soldier’s Home, Johnson City, Tn. #4925 2-10-09 to 28-8-12 and Soldier’s Home, Danville, Va. #2549 Feb. 3, 1901 to Apr. 11, 1902 transfers to and from Dayton. Jan. 4, 14 Dayton: died, pneumonia. Dayton Soldier‘s Home Cemetery # Sec. 1 row 8 #16 buried.

BARR (Bars), Samuel:  Cpl.; age 16; Co. G; m: Jan. 10, 62. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.    Feb. 3, 64 Plymouth:  veteran  age 18  brown eyes  dark hair  5’8” (occupation blank).  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  July 8 (7), 64 Anders.: died in quarters, diarr.  Anders. Nat. Cem. #3019.  Pension:  see Jacob Barr Co. A. 

BARR, Stephen P.:  Pvt.; age 40; Co. A; m:  Dec. 25, 61.  Died:  May 23, 62 Yorktown Hosp. (Regt.); Aug. 31- Dec. 31, 62: unknown date records lost (mil.).  Yorktown Nat. Cem. #1075  buried  - S. P. BARR May 26, 1862.   Dec. 11, 62 widow Jane pension #7955/11153 - 2 letters, (almost illegible) Capt. McLaughlin, Company Commander and Director of the Yorktown Hospital wrote that Stephen died of typhoid.

BARR, Wm. Nelson:  Sgt.; age 28; Co. C; m: Sep. 16, 61.  May 31, 62: to Color Sgt.  Battle of Fair Oaks/Seven Pines: clung to the Colors when the Regt. was swept away in the collapse of the front line; flag staff was shot in two, eluded capture and saved the flag.  May - June 1862 White Oak Swamp hosp.: left sick. July 10, 62 Nat. Tribune: aboard Str. KNICKERBOCKERS arrived Ft. Monroe July 5.  July 14, 62 NY Tribune and NY Times: aboard  Str. EMPIRE STATE to NYC Long Island College Hsp., fever, res. Armstrong County, arrived July 13.  Oct. 27, 62 College Hsp.: trf. to Baltimore West Building Gen. Hsp., diarr. and malaria.  March 11, 63 Baltimore hosp.: discharged, Surg. Cert.- born Apollo  Aug. 31, “1833” 5’11”  grey eyes  light hair  carpenter. Feb. 22, 1877 pension #231453/284291.  June 21, 1911 died. (Note: at PA Archives-flag staff  shows break and repair.)

BARRETTE, Henry K.:  Pvt., drummer, Co. G., m: Jan. 10, 62.  July 1862 Harrison’s Landing died.  Nov. 18, 62 widow Josephine pension #6442/4831. Jan. 14, 67 minor pension #140514/132368.

BASH, Robert:  Pvt.; age 30; Co. C; m: Sep. 16, 61. Dec. 31, 63 Roanoke Island discharged; reenlisted.  Feb. 24, 64 Roanoke Island veteran - born  Armstrong Co.  32  dark eyes  black hair  5’11”  soldier.  June 25, 65 New Bern: mustered out.  July 13, 65 Harrisburg: discharged. Sep. 6, 84 pension #521715/673997.  March 5, 1898 widow Martha pension #672364/467571.           

BASHLICO (BASHLINE), Philip:  Pvt.; Co. A; m: o/a Sep. 21, 62 Rimersburg.  Aug. - Dec. 62 Suffolk: absent sick.  Apr. 7, 63 discharged, Surg. Cert.:  “should never have been enlisted”.  Request for Fed. Headstone:  Clarion Co. Cem. buried, died Nov. 4, 80.  Aug. 8, 1890 widow Maria C. pension #470431/304284.

BAUGHMAN, David:  Pvt.; age 20; Co. K; m: Oct. 28, 61 .Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted. Feb. 2, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Armstrong Co.  22   blue eyes  brown hair  5’8”  laborer.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth  POW  Anders.  May 30, 64 Anders. Hsp.  Apr. 28, 65 Jacksonville, FL. paroled.  May 16, 65 Camp Parole. May 19, 65 Harrisburg. June 8, 65 discharged.  Sep. 14, 1877 pension #241923/166939 - Apr. 17-20 Battle of Plymouth WIA, bullet enter right chest came out right armpit. 1890 Census:  Pvt. Cpl. Sgt. wounded right breast 1 yr. 8 days Anders. m: Oct. 28, 61 - May 18, 65; res.: Kellersburg. Sep. 4, 1898 died.  Nov. 5, 1898 widow Ella pension #686015/476848.

BAUGHMAN, Joseph L.:  Pvt.; Co. D; m: Nov. 13, 61. April 1862: discharged, Surg. Cert. June 30, 1880 pension #394836/blank.  Request for Federal Headstone: New Bethlehem Cem. buried, died June 20, 84.

BAUGHMAN, Joshua:  Pvt.; Co. D; m: Nov. 13, 61. Sep. 25, 63: trfd. to 6 Co. 2 Bn. VRC.   Nov. 20, 63 Newark, NJ USA Gen. Hsp.: discharged, Surg. Cert.- born Lucerne Co.  51 yrs  5’9”  black eyes  dark hair  farmer.  Dec. 26, 1863 pension #37915/blank.  Aug. 28, 73 Kellersburg: died explosion or blast by rock powder in a well, “no physician needed”.  1890 Census:  widow Christena  m: Sep. 2, 61 - Nov. 20, 63 res.: Kellersburg,  July 19, 1890 widow Christena pension #446744/342538.

BEABOUT (BEEBOUT), Barney (Bernard):  Pvt.; Co. F; m: Dec. 7, 61.  May 4, 62 Camp Winfield Scott: sick.  May - June 62 Yorktown: sick.  Aug. 18, 62 Westonville, Pa. Hosp.: debility.  Oct. 14, 62: charged with desertion, later removed.  Nov. 7, 62 Washington DC Georgetown College Gen. Hosp.  Nov. 17, 62 Georgetown College Hosp.: discharged, Surg. Cert.- born Butler Co.  38 5’11”  blue eyes  black hair  coal digger.  Nov. 22, 62 pension #4679/332412.  1890 Census: m: Oct. 15, 61 -Dec. 1862 rheum. diarr. pension;  res.: East Brady.

BEAMER, Matthias C.:  Pvt.; age 38; Co. B; m: Sep. 24, 61.  Dec. 4, 61 discharged, Surg. Cert.

BEATTY, Abram - Corporal, Co. K. Enrolled at age 21. Mustered 20 Dec 61. Re-enlisted 1 Jan 64 at Plymouth, NC described as age 23, brown eyes and hair, 5’11”, and a farmer.  Captured 20 April 64 at Plymouth, NC. POW at Andersonville, GA; Charleston & Florence, SC. 17 Dec 1864 NY Times states: died Florence.  No further info.

BEATTY, James - Private, Co. C. Born in England. Enrolled at age 40, a Shoemaker from Pittsburgh, Allegheny Co., PA. Mustered 16 Sept 61.  July 8, 62 NY Times: aboard  Str. S. R. SPAULDING Harrison’s Landing - Ft. Monroe arrived July 5, sick, diarr. Mar. 28, 63: discharged, Surg. Cert.  Pvt.; Co. I; 116 Pa. Inf. Regt.; m: Feb. 24 (25), 64 - born England  43  hazel eyes  light hair 5’9” shoemaker. May - June 64: hosp. sick.  Aug. 25, 64 Petersburg Front, Reims Station:  MIA. Aug.- Oct. 64: POW   Richmond Belle Island.  Oct. 8, 64 Varina, Va. paroled. Jan .- Feb. 65 Phila hosp.: Ward 8 Section 2.  July 14, 65 furlough.  Aug. 29, 65 Phila. Mower Gen. Hosp.: discharged, Surg. Cert.  Nov. 3, 67 Dayton Sold. & Sailor’s Home:  #560  m: 1861 Pittsb.- Mar. 63 New Bern 103 Pa. Inf.;  Feb. 21, 64 Pittsb. - Aug. 29, 65 Phila. Co. I, 116 Pa. Inf. Regt  Surg. Cert. disease  Aug. 1864 Belle Island  born Cumberland, England  47  res. Pittsb. shoemaker  mother & 1 son  res. High St., Pittsb.  May 31, 69 pension #143985/100802.  Apr. 27, 75 Pittsb. Soldier’s Hosp.: died, while on furlough. ((Note:  pension filed under Co. I, 116 Pa.)).

BEATTY, Jerry - Civilian Servant. Capt. John Donaghy writes, "When Capt. Fahnestock of company C resigned and left the regiment, his servant 'Jerry' Beatty was thrown out of a situation, and as I was again without a servant I hired him. Jerry was thirteen or fourteen years of age and came from Pittsburgh with the regiment. Such education as he possessed seemed to have been acquired in attending variety shows. He had been a close student of the burnt cork profession, and besides had natural talent in the song and dance business. I often called upon him to amuse my visitors, and sometimes when I went out with the boys I took him along. He had been in my service some weeks, and was one day cleaning Capt. Zink's revolver, and in going through one of his theatrical capers he pointed the pistol at the head of a negro servant who was present and in tragic tone exclaimed, 'Die, villain.' The weapon was discharged and the negro fell a corpse. The colonel ordered Jerry's arrest, and he was put in jail. The day after the tragedy Lieut. Neely visited Jerry and found him as full of fun as ever, saying 'there was no use crying over spilled milk.' An inquest, trial, etc., were dispensed with, and a few days afterwards Jerry was released and sent home to Pittsburgh.

BECK, Frederick:  Pvt.; age 41; Co. K; m: Dec. 17, 61.  Mar. 28, 62 Wash., DC Meredian Hill Camp Lloyd: discharged, Surg. Cert., injured while on duty, hit by a musket.

BEEHAM (BEHAND, BETRAND, BENBAND),  James A.:  Pvt.; Co. D; m: Nov. 13, 61.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW   Anders.  June 27, 64 Anders.: escaped and recaptured unknown place and date. Aug. 19 (16), 64 Anders.: died, dysentery, cerebritis.  Anders. Nat. Cem. #6127 buried. May 22, 76 mother Ann pension #226225/blank.

BEELAR, Henry:  Pvt.; Co. K; m: Oct. 28, 61.  Feb. 22, 62: discharged, Writ Habeas Corpus.

BEER, Thomas Mc. C. (M. C.):  Pvt.; age 18; Co. C; m: Feb. 29, 64.  June 25, 65 New Bern mustered out. July 13, 65 Harrisburg discharged. May 3, 1877 pension #235303/blank.  Request for Federal Headstone:  died Sep. 8, 1883, Reynoldsville Old Presby. Cem. buried. 

BEGGS, Reed G.:  Pvt.; age 18; Co. A; m: Sep. 7, 61 Callensburg.  Aug. 15, 62 Harrison’s  Landing: sick. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.  Feb. 2, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Clarion Co.  20  blue eyes  light hair  5’7” laborer.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Florence.  Oct. 7, 64 Florence: escaped with Cooper, J. Rupert and  Shaffer, bribery, slaves assisted, Oct. 12 discovered Collins plantation by 4th SC Cav., returned to Florence. Dec. 10, 64 Charleston paroled.  Apr. 4, 65: to Wash., DC.  June 25, 65 New Bern: mustered out. July 13, 65 Harrisburg: discharged.  Regt. History: page 110.

BEIGHLEY (BICKLEY), Jacob:  Pvt.;  Co. C; m: Sep. 16, 61.  June 30, 62 NYC Brooklyn Hosp.: deserted.  July 18, 62 N. Y. Times: arrived unknown date aboard  Str. DANIEL WEBSTER York, Peninsula, Va.-N.Y. Brooklyn City Hosp., WIA.  Aug. 25, 62: absent sick.  Sep. 10, 63 Pittsburgh: arrested - born Armstrong Co. 19  grey eyes  light hair  6’1” farmer.  Military File: June 30, 62 deserted; discharged at home in Tarrentown.  1890 Census:  m: Sep. 16, 61 - blank disabled, discharged;  res.: S. Bend Township, Armstrong Co.  June 19, 1895 pension #1168083/blank.

BEIGHLY, William:  Pvt.; Co. E; m: Dec. 7, 61 Butler Co. Clay Township. July 14, 62 NY Tribune: aboard  Str. STATE of MAINE Ft. Monroe - NYC Brooklyn College Hosp.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW Anders.  Oct. 27, 64 Anders.: died, scurvy. Anders. Nat. Cem. #1569 buried.

BELL, Henry H.:  Pvt.; age 21; Co. F; m:  Dec. 7, 61.  Jan. 10, 62: to Sgt. Major, Co. G , Staff .  June 5, 62: Commissioned and mustered  2d Lt., Co. B.  Aug. 23, 62: sick, AWOL. Resigned: May 31, 63 Pittsburgh, Surg. Cert. (mil.); early 1862 (Regt.).

BELL, Patton:  Pvt.; age 26; Co. I; m: Dec. 16, 61 Harrisville.  July 15, 62 Harrison’s Landing Gen. Hosp.: jaundice.  Aug. 7, 62 W. Phila. Gen. Hosp.: typhoid, diarr.  Sep. 30, 62 Surg. Cert.- born Butler Co.  27  blue eyes  red hair  5’3½”  carpenter.  Oct. 12, 62 Phila.: discharged.  Pvt.; m: 103 Pa. Feb. 29 (15), 64 Alleghany Co. June 25, 65 New Bern: mustered out.  July 13, 65 Harrisburg: discharged.  May 23, 1879 pension #287772/241445.  1890 Census: (no muster dates); res.: Hilliard, Butler Co.  Nov. 10, 1898 widow Margaret pension #686018/473904. 

BELL, William C.:  Jan. 10, 62 enrolled.  Sgt.; age 21; Co. G; m: Feb. 22, 62.  Apr. 15, 63: commissioned 2d Lt., not mustered.  Jan. 1 (2), 64 to 1st. Sgt. Dec. 31, 64 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.  Feb. 3, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Indiana Co., Pa.  24  grey eyes  dark hair  6’1”  laborer.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston  Florence.  March 1, 65 Wilmington, NC N. E. Ferry paroled.  June 25, 65 New Bern: mustered out.  July 13, 65 Harrisburg: discharged.  Oct. 29, 1886 Indiana Co., Washington Twp.: died.  Indiana Co., Rayne Twp. Washington Cem. #W234 buried - 1840 - 29 Oct. 1886.  Nov. 11, 1889 widow Kate pension #408231/282978.  1890 Census:  Kate  widow Wm. C. Bell 1st Sgt. Co. G 1861-5 POW 11 mo. 14 days; res:  PO Davis ((?)), Washington Twp., Indiana Co. Pa.

BENNINGER, Henry L.:  Pvt.; age 19; Co. B; m: Sep. 24, 61  Aug. 28, 63 Plymouth:  court martial charge, on Aug. 2 while on picket duty near Acre road, left his post with permission of the Cpl. of the Pickets to get water; arrested by the Sgt. of the Pickets on the Washington Road stating he was getting eggs; guilty; l mo. confinement, 10 days on bread and water; 2d. court martial charge left camp Aug. 14-15; guilty of AWOL, fined $10 (RG153NN585). Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.   Feb. 2, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Armstrong Co.  21  brown eyes and hair  5’8”  laborer.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders. Charleston  Florence.  Fall 1864 Florence:  San. Comm. issued blanket.  Muster Out Roll: supposed dead.  Aug. 22, 69 Adj. Gen. Office: died Nov. 26, 64 Florence.  Florence Nat. Cem buried as UNKNOWN. 

BERRINGER, Samuel:  Pvt.; Co. I; m:  Dec. 16, 61.  Dec. 14 (15), 63 Beaufort, N.C.: died, Death Cert.:  born Venango Co.  single  18  dark hair  gray eyes  5’9½”  farmer  typhoid.  New Bern Nat. Cem. #7-1223 buried. 

BEST, David:  Dec. 1, 61 Indiana Co., Pa. enrolled.  Pvt.; age 18; Co. G; m: Feb. 22, 62 (Jan. 10, 62) Kittanning.  Mar.- Apr. 62 Washington, DC: sick.  May - Aug. 62 Yorktown: sick. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.  Feb. 3, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Indiana Co.  20  gray eyes  fair hair  5’7”  laborer.  March 8, 64 Plymouth Regt. Hosp.: died, acute bronchitis  July 8, 81 War Dept.: died Plymouth March 6 or 7 or 8, 64. 

BIRCH, Winfield Scott:  Pvt.; Co. C; m: Sep. 16, 61 Pittsburgh - born Armstrong Co.  34  5’10½” dark hair  black eyes  carpenter.  Apr. 9, 62 Newport News Gen. Hsp.: measles.  May 19, 62 Phila., Broad & Cherry St Hsp.:  pneumonia.  Aug. 63 Plymouth: partial loss right eye from disease. Aug. 8, 63 Plymouth Provost Guard.  Sep. 24, 63 (Sep. 24, 62, Oct. 31, 63): transferred to VRC.  Sep. 29, 63 NYC Ladies Home Gen. Hsp.: diarr.  Dec. 29, 63 NYC Bedloes Island Ft. Wood Hsp.  Sep. 20, 64 discharged. June 26, 1880 pension #388195/1033688. 1890 Census: Sep. 16, 61 - Sep. 20, 64  res.: 118 Lambert St., Pittsburgh. Aug. 20, 96 Butler reunion.  Oct. 21, 04 Dayton Sold. & Sailors Home:  #29946  stroke three years ago  born Pa.  59  5’11” dark eyes  gray hair  cannot read/write  Prot.  carpenter  res.: Pittsburgh  married Ella, 5819 Mignonette St., Pittsb.  pension.  Sep. 20, 06 Butler reunion.  Oct. 13, 09 Pittsburgh 5819 Mignonette St., while home on furlough from Dayton, died cerebral hem., 62 yrs 11 mo. 13 days.  Allegheny Co. St. Peter’s Cem. buried.  Nov. 8, 1909 widow Ella R. pension #930141/694883.

BIRD, Theodore (Frederick M.):  Chaplain; Staff; m:  Oct. 13, 62.  Feb. 13, 63 resigned.  May 4, 08 widow Frances P. pension #893251/659175.

BISH, Jacob:  Oct. 30, 61 Rimersburg enrolled.  Pvt.;  Co. F; m: Dec. 7, 61. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.   Feb. 3, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Armstrong Co.  22  gray eyes  light hair  5’6”  farmer.  April 20, 64 Plymouth POW   Anders.  June 3, 64 Anders. Hosp.  July 5, 64 Anders.: died, dysentery.  Anders. Nat. Cem. #2913 buried (Regt. #2193 is incorrect.).  Nov. 28, 64 NY Times: listed died Anders. 3 December 64 Pittsburgh Dispatch: died Andersonville July 5.  Oct. 13, 1880 mother Susannah pension #278452/200085.  Mar. 8, 89 father Peter pension #390095/255175.

BISH, John B.:  Pvt.; age 26; Co. B; m: Sep. 24, 61.  May 31, 62 Battle of Fair Oaks/7 Pines: MIA,  status changed to KIA (mil.); KIA or died of wounds (Regt.). June 12, 62 NY Times: MIA.  Oct. 11, 62 widow Margaret B. pension #3999/7044.  April 6, 68 child Eliza M. pension #159599/114467.  May 18, 63 Plymouth: Capt. Daniel Coe, Commanding Co. B, certified:  John enlisted Adams Co., age 26 yrs., dark complexion, blue eyes, black hair,  5’6½”,  laborer,  KIA Fair Oaks.

BLACK, John:  Pvt..; age 24; Co. G; m:  Jan. 10, 62.  Jan. 15 - Dec. 63 New Bern: Ambulance Corp. Jan. 2, 64: to Sgt. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.  Feb. 3, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Scotland  26  blue eyes  fair hair  5’4”  laborer. Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Dec. 11 (1), 64 Charleston paroled.  June 25, 65 New Bern: mustered out.  July 13, 65 Harrisburg: discharged; absent on furlough.

BLACK, John M. (McCandless J.):  Pvt.; Co. E; m: Feb. 29, 64 Butler Co. Cherry Twnship. ((stationed Roanoke Island)). June 25, 65 New Bern: mustered out. July 13, 65 Harrisburg: discharged.   May 22, 1879 pension #287592/377372/XC980480. 1890 Census:  m: Feb. 24, 64 - July 25, 65 lumbago; res: Crawford Corners, Venango Co.  1909 Foxburg reunion; res.: Parker’s Landing.  Dec. 6, 1910 - Feb. 1, 1912; May 24, 1916 - Sep. 6, 1917; Oct. 27, 1917 Dayton Sold. & Sailor’s Home:  #40232  senile, cardiac  born Pa.  63  6’0”  brown eyes  gray hair  reads writes  Prot.  laborer  res. Tulsa, OK.  widower  notify son, Edmund, Morris, OK.  pension.  April 28, 1918 Nat. Home died; notified niece, Lizzie Sarde, Henrietta, OK  Home Nat. Cem. #Sec. 2, Row 11, #36 buried. 

BLACK, Robert P.: Nov. 25, 61 Butler Co Cherry Twnship. enrolled. Pvt.; age 19; Co. E; m: Dec. 7, 61. 1862 Suffolk: WIA left foot. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.  Feb. 2, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Butler Co.  22  brown eyes light hair  5’9½”  engineer.  Apr. 17-20, 64 Battle of Plymouth: WIA, left arm.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders., assigned 145th. Detachment, 1st ten, 2d 30, 1st. 90 (men). Sep. 10, 64 Charleston  Florence Salisbury((?)).  Feb. 27, 65 Wilmington, NC N. E. Ferry paroled.  Discharged: June 25 (2), 65 (mil.); spring 1865 by War Dept. (Regt.).  Aug. 27, 1879 pension #305939/246600. 1890 Census: m: Nov. 25, 61 - June 25, 65 rheum.; res.: Butler Co., Concord Twnship.  Anders. and Salisbury  Monument dedication; res.:  RFD 77, Chicora.  Aug. 20, 96 Butler reunion; res.: Magie.  Oct. 5, 98 Pens. Bur.: res. Magie.  Sep. 20, 06 Butler reunion.  Sep. 16, 09 Foxburg reunion; res.: Chicora.  Aug. 18, 22 Chicora died, age 80, retired farmer. Butler Co. Concord Church buried 1842 - 1922 Co. E 103 PA. GAR.  Nov. 2, 22 Nat. Tribune:  died Aug. 18, 22, 26 years Cmdr. GAR Post 539.  . Articles: Butler, Pa. Eagle March 6, 1915; National Tribune March 29, 1917, July 19, 1883, August 23, 1882

BLACK, William Oliver:  Pvt.; age 25; Co. G; m: Jan. 10, 62 Tarentum. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.   Feb. 3, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Allegheny Co.  28  grey eyes  dark hair  5’11”  laborer.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  July 19 (18), 64 Anders.:  died, diarr.  Anders. Nat. Cem. #3600 buried.  May 14, 68 father James pension #160884/168509. Regt. History photo page 142.

BLAIR, John W.:  Pvt.; Co. K; m: Oct. 28, 61.  Feb. 22, 62: to Cpl.  May 31, 62 Battle of Fair Oaks/7 Pines: WIA.  June 12, 62 NY Times: WIA left hip.  Aug. 23, 62 - Aug. 31, 62 Wash. DC hosp.  Dec. 5, 62 Suffolk: absent sick.  Feb. 6, 63 Hampton , Va. U. S. Army Hosp.: died, chr. diarr.  Hampton Nat. Cem. #2415 buried.  Sep. 23, 63 mother M. E. Walter pension #34104/31662.

BLAIR, Solomon:  Pvt.; Co. I; m: Dec. 16, 61 Harrisville.  June 9, 62 Phila Satterlee Gen. Hsp. transferred to St. Joseph’s Hsp.; July 5 to Cherry Street Hsp.: lacerated wound. July 28, 62: duty. March 28, 63 New Bern discharged; Surgeon Cert.- born Mercer Co.  24  gray eyes  dark hair  5’7½”  farmer  not fit for duty (mil)  wounds (Regt.).  Pvt.; Co. B, 1 Pa. Lt. Arty.; m: Dec. 31, 63. May 12, 64 Battle of Spotsylvania GSW, head.  June 9, 65 Harrisburg discharged.  Jan. 5, 72 pension #171506/512447-claimed at the Battle of Fair Oaks GSW and chronic diarrhea, to  Philadelphia hospitals, at the  Battle of Kinston GSW left side of my neck and jaw while charging rebel battery, which I almost reached  when I was shot, treated at Regt. Hospital and the City Point, Va. Hospital, contracted rheumatism at New Bern, and July 64 near Petersburg I was sick, to Philadelphia hospital; married Catherine Ruter  Oct. 27, 58, died  Dec. 12, 80; married Sarah Ann Palmer Nov. 16, 83.  April. 17, 1911 Pine Township , Mercer Co. died.  Apr. 26, 1911 widow Sarah A.  pension #963709/725204.  

BLAKE, William N.:  Pvt.; age 17; Co. D; m: Sep. 25, 61 Oakland.  July 62 - Aug. 3, 63 Suffolk hospital. and  Ft. Monroe hospital.   Oct. 63 Beaufort, NC hsp.  Pay record:  veteran.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Died:  in prison (Regt.); no info after capture (mil.);  absent POW (pens.);  left unknown date to unknown place; no record of parole (Anders. Records); no record of  burial (Roll of Honor). March 1, 84 father Jacob pension #313388/236036 Mich. Oct. 24, 64 mother Mary pension #320693/blank Pa.

BLAKELY, Joseph:  Pvt.;  Co. I; m:  Dec. 16, 61 Harrisville.  May 31, 62 Battle of Fair Oaks/7 Pines: WIA, POW   Richmond Prison #2 - 4th floor.  June 26, 62 Richmond Prison hsp.: WIA, right thigh.  July 25, 62 City Point paroled.  Aug. 2, 62 NY Tribune:  admitted  Hampton, Va. Chesapeake Gen. Hsp. July 28, Union POW from Richmond.  Aug. 5, 63 Plymouth: Provost Guard. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.   Feb. 3, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Venango Co.  23  blue eyes  sandy hair  5’4”  laborer.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Salisbury  Jan. 22, 65 to Richmond prison.  Feb. 25, 65 Richmond Prison Hsp. #21 - laborer,  “age 33”.  March 1, 65 Richmond paroled.  March 25, 65 Annapolis C. G. Barracks: to hosp. April 11, 65 Annapolis: died; Death Cert.- single, sold personal effects $56.07, chr. diarr.  Annapolis Nat. Cem. #D1264 buried.

BOARTS (BORTS), George:  Oct. 30, 61 Rimersburg enrolled.  Pvt.; Co. F; m: Dec. 7, 61 Kittanning  Camp Orr.  June 12, 62 Baltimore: died, typhoid.  Baltimore Loudon Park Nat. Cem. #A866 buried - George Borts Co. F 103 PA June 12, 62.  July 19, 62 NY Tribune:  died Baltimore Patterson Park Hosp. Feb. 23, 74 father Samuel pension #214001/blank.  Brother John, Co. F.

BOARTS (BORTS, BORST), John:  Oct. 30, 61 Rimersburg enrolled.  Pvt.; Co. F; m: Dec. 7, 61 Camp Orr.  May 12, 62: aboard  Str. LOUISIANA, on the passage  from Yorktown -  Washington, DC. died, typhoid. May 20, 62 Washington STAR: as soon as the ((above)) boat landed the surgeons, accompanying the boat, made the necessary arrangement and had John buried with usual honors ((no location)). (Pension file combined with brother George‘s pension file).

BOARTS (BORTS), William:  Oct. 30, 61 enrolled. Pvt.; age “22_; Co. F; m: Dec. 7, 61. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.  Feb 3, 64 Plymouth veteran -  born Mercer Co.  “21”  grey eyes  black hair  5’6”  laborer.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston  Florence.  Fall 1864 Florence:  San. Comm. issued hat.  Feb. (March) 27, 65 Wilmington, NC N. E. Ferry paroled.  June 25, 65 New Bern: mustered out. July 13, 65 Harrisburg:  discharged.  July 8, 79 pension #296683/297333.  1905 Anders. Mom. Ded.; res.: RFD 4, Union City, Erie Co.  Dec. 29, 1914 Union City died.

BOSTAPH (BOWSTAPH), William:  Corp.; age 17; Co. F; m: Dec. 7, 61.  May 31, 62 Battle of Fair Oaks/7 Pines: WIA, GSW right shoulder (mil.), arm severely disabled, Lt. Donaghy stated: during retreat I saw him staggering from wound under his arm, helped him to rear and placed him in an ambulance (Regt.).  June 8, 62 NY Times:  aboard Str. VANDERBUILT, wounded from Fair Oaks, arrived NYC. June 12, 62 NY Times: WIA shoulder.  Oct. 7 (14), 62 NYC: discharged, Surg. Cert.- gray eyes  black hair  5’8”  blacksmith. Feb. 23, 63 pension #11426/11494/C2580381. Aug. 1909 resides Ogden, Utah, civil and hydraulic engineer, Senior Vice C in C, GAR  (Regt.)

BOWERS, George B. (G. N.; G. W.):  Pvt.; Co. K; m: Oct. 29, 63.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Aug. 18, 64 Anders.: died, dysentery.  Anders. Nat. Cem. #6074  buried - G. W. Bower  PA 

BOWMAN (BOUMAN, BAUMAN), John R.:  Pvt.; age 20; Co. A; m: Sep. 7, 61.  May 31, 62 Battle Fair Oaks/7 Pines: WIA.  June 12, 62 NY Times: WIA, thigh.  July 15, 62 NY Tribune: at Mill Creek Hsp., Hampton area, wounded thigh and fracture.  July 27, 62 Mill Creek Hsp.: died wounds.  Hampton Nat. Cem. #B4067 buried.

BOWMAN, Martin:  Pvt.; age 18; Co. A;  m:  Dec. 7, 61.  Aug. 19, 62 NY Tribune: aboard Str. S. R. SPAULDING Ft. Monroe - NYC.  Oct. 20, 62 Suffolk: died.

BOWSER, Aaron J.:  Pvt.; Co. D; m: Aug. 30, 62.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston.  Oct. 10, 64 Charleston: died (Regt.).  Dec. 22, 64 NY Times:  died Charleston Oct. 4, chr. diarr.  Burial:  Columbia (Roll of Honor, Regt.); Charleston POW dead moved to Beaufort, SC Nat. Cem. - buried as UNKNOWN. 

BOWSER, Daniel:  Pvt.; Co. D; m: Aug. 30, 62.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston  Florence.  Fall 1864 Florence:  San. Comm. issued drawers.  Dec. 6 (20), 64 Charleston paroled.  Aug. 16, 65 discharged.  June 16, 84 pension #515584/368268  “dropped failure to claim”.  1890 Census:  m: Aug. 20, 62 - Aug. 20, 65; res.: Parker’s Landing.  Aug. 20, 96 Butler reunion; res.: Parker’s Landing.  1905 Anders. Mon. Ded.; res.: Parker’s Landing.  Sep. 20, 06 Butler reunion. Sep. 16, 09 Foxburg reunion; res.: Parker’s Landing.

BOWSER, Joshua Crawford:  Musc.; Co. D; m: Aug. 30, 62.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston  Florence  Richmond.  Fall 64 Florence:  San. Comm. issued drawers. March 10 (8), 65 Coxes Wharf (Aikens Landing) ((near Richmond)) paroled.  March 12, 65 Annapolis Hsp. Div. #1.  June 25 (2), 65. Columbus Ohio  Columbus Citizen 1 June 1931 by Robert Gunning: biography.  June 29, 1881 pension #423582/859645/C256988-claimed I was born Aug. 24, 46 Armstrong Co., was in the CSA Richmond Hospital, weighed about 80 pounds, carried  on a stretcher to parole point.  Other service: 42d  U. S. Inf.  (men all Civil War invalids), NY Madison Barracks Hospital one year, 1869 discharged and 1882-1887  4th US Inf., music instructor. Oct. 20, 1932 Columbus Ohio: wrote his own biography.

BOYD, Collins (Colin):  Cpl.; Co. F; m: Dec. 7, 61.  May 31, 62 Battle of Fair Oaks/7 Pines: KIA, body not found.  June 12, 62 NY Times:  MIA.  Dec. 11, 79 father William pension #255812/blank.  Nov. 3, 1882 mother Mary pension #298089/224104-2d. Lt. Neely stated that he went  with the Regt. to Fair Oaks Battle and was not seen after the battle, a  color bearer at the time.

BOYD, Jackson:  Pvt.; Co. H; m: Mar. 23, 62.  Dec. 14, 62 Battle of Kinston KIA, GSW brain and breast. Aug. 09,1879 mother Mary pension #249509/196082.  Feb. 13, 1890 father John pension  #414727/277839.

BOYLE, Hardin (Hardon), W.:  Pvt.; Co. F; m: Dec. 7, 61.  Apr. 23, 62 - June 24, 62 Chesapeake Hosp. Sep. 26, 63: to Veterans  Reserve  Corp.  Federal Headstone Request: died August. 21, 65; buried Rimersburg.

BOYLE, J. C.:  Pvt.; Co. K; m: Feb. 22, 62.  Deserted.

BOYLE, James Rankin:  Oct. 30, 61 Rimersburg enrolled.  Pvt.; Co. F; m: Dec. 7, 61.  May 31, 62 Battle of Fair Oaks/7 Pines: WIA. June 5, 62 NY Times:  aboard Str. ELM CITY  White House, Va.-Washington, DC.  June 12, 62 NY Times: WIA hip.  Aug. 7, 62 Georgetown Columbia College Hosp.: chr. diarr.  Aug. 17, 62 Georgetown: died wounds.  Washington Soldier’s Home (Military Asylum) National Cem. #C3952 buried.  Aug. 26, 62 NY Tribune: died Wash., DC hosp., body not return, buried Soldier‘s Home Cem. Oct. 31, 62 mother Elizabeth pension #5258/2114.

BOYLE, Owen:  Pvt.; age 50; Co. B; m: Sep. 24, 61.  Dec. 4, 61: discharged, Surg. Cert.

BOYLE, Wilder M:  Pvt.; Co. F; m: Aug. 25, 62.  Apr. 17 - 20 Battle of Plymouth: WIA left wrist during sortie, from Ft. Williams, into the town.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Augusta, GA CSA hosp. June  27 to Anders.  Charleston  Florence Oct. 64.  Paroled:  Dec. 10, 64  Charleston (mil.); Dec. 14, 64 or March 65 (Regt.).  Dec. 18, 64 Camp Parole: furlough. Feb. 24, 65 Annapolis Div. #2 Hosp. Mar. 11, 65 Camp Parole: from hospital.  April 4, 1865 Alexandria: Camp Distribution.  June 25, 65 New Bern: mustered out. July 13, 65 Harrisburg: discharged.  May 21, 77 pension #236271/163056 - Pvt. Wm. Fulton stated he was with him at Plymouth and  that Wilder was WIA,  had lost “much” blood and had to be left with the CSA, arrived in Andersonville about two months after I did; Surg. Walton stated he accompanied about 100 wounded, including Wilder, on a barge towed by CSA Str. COTTON PLANT to Weldon, then train to Augusta, late May or 1 June, Wilder had fever upon arrival, I requested CSA move him to a hospital. 1890 Census:  m: Aug. 13, 62 - June 25, 65 hard of hearing; res.: Reynoldsville.  June 7, 06 National Tribune:  submitted article discussing Plymouth Battle. 1908 died.  Aug. 24, 1908 widow Susan pension #903129/687580.

BRACKEN (BRACHEN), James M.:  Pvt.;  Co. E; m: Dec. 7, 61.  Aug. 12, 62 - July 63 Yorktown: Ambulance Corp. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.  Feb. 2, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Butler Co.  18  black eyes  brown hair  5’7¾”  farmer.  April 12, 64 Plymouth: comrade Lepley sold James a watch - $13.50. Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth  POW  Anders.  Charleston  Florence. Dec. 16 (14), 64 Charleston paroled. June 25, 65 New Bern: mustered out.  July 13, 65 Harrisburg: discharged.  1890 Census: m: (no dates); res.: Beaver Falls. March 28, 1890 pension #764601/903813.  Apr. 4, 1911 Dayton Nat. Sold. & Sailor’s Home: #34947  veteran  hernia chr. diarr.  rheum.  cardiac  born Pa.  66 yrs.  6’0”  brown eyes  gray hair  reads/writes  Prot.  laborer  res.: New Springfield, Ohio  widower  notify sister Mrs. Frank T. Bowers, Sewickley, Pa.  Dec. 7, 1913 Dayton Nat. Mil. Home: died nephritis, notified sister at Home Hotel, Home Cem. Sec. 1 row 7 #19 buried.

BRENNEMAN, James Henry:  Pvt.; age 20; Co. B; m: Sep. 24, 61. Dec. 13, 63 Plymouth: court martial charge overstayed his furlough Sep. 4 - 29; returned Nov. 9; guilty; forfeit pay and allowance for two months (RG153#OO103).  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston  Florence.  Dec. 11, 64 paroled.  Mar. 28, 65 discharged.  June 14, 86 pension #576685/751454.  1890 Census: m: Sep. 24, 61-Mar. 28, 65  8 mo. Anders.  rheum;  res.: Euclid.  Aug. 11, 1925 Sistersville, W. Va. died.

BRENNEMAN, Lewis (Louis) A.:  Pvt.; age 17; Co. B; m: Sep. 24, 61.  Dec. 4, 61 discharged.

BRINK, George W.:  Pvt.; age 24; Co. G; m: Jan. 10, 62.  July 2, 62 NY Times: aboard Str. STATE OF MAINE White House - Ft. Monroe.  July 15, 62: discharged, Surg. Cert.,  inflammation of the lung.  Pvt.; Co. A, 78 Pa. Inf.; m: Aug. 1, 64.  June 19, 65 discharged.  Feb. 05, 1878 pension #248165/283138. Nov. 3, 1921 Irvona: died.  Dec. 02, 1921 widow Ellen M. pension #1182021/913823.

BROCK (BROKE),  Jacob (C.):  Pvt.; age 19; Co. F; m: Dec. 7, 61 Rimersburg.  Dec. 17, 61: to Cpl.  March 1862 Phila. hosp.  Apr. 1862 Ft. Monroe hosp.  June 29, 62 Charles City Road (area east of Richmond)) Hosp.: ordered by Regt. Surgeon, sick.  July 10, 62 NY Tribune:  aboard Str. KNICKERBOCKER  Harrison’s Landing - Ft. Monroe arrived July 5, sick; sent  home, Clarion Co. Sep. 7, 62 Wash., D. C. hosp.  Apr. 12, 63: absent sick.   Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Savannah.  Died: enroute to or at Florence (Regt.);  believed to have died Savannah o/a Sep. 15, 64 as a POW (mil.). Dec. 17, 64 NY Times:  died Savannah Prison Sep. 29.  Dec. 12, 1883 father Andrew pension #311163/242663 - letter Plymouth dated 6 Jan. 64 discusses camp life, living in tents, decides not to reenlist, many are reenlisting and some have left on furlough, have moved from Roanoke Island back to Plymouth ((normal rotation of companies)); letter, written in pencil, from Anders. dtd. July 23, lists some of his comrades; died Sep. 15, 64  Savannah Prison or Hospital. (Savannah burials moved to Beaufort, SC., buried as UNKNOWN.) April 18, 64 Battle of Plymouth: Capt. Donaghy ordered to relieve Co. G which was skirmishing on the Washington Road, although sick Jacob reported and joined the skirmishers.

BROOKS, James:  Pvt.; Co. D; m: Nov. 13, 61.  Died: Apr. 13, 62 Wash., DC  (mil.); Yorktown rubella   (Regt.).   Wash. Nat. Home Cem. (Mil. Asy. Cem.) #B1856 buried.

BROTHERS, Frank (Francis):  Dec. 1, 61 enrolled.  Pvt.; age 44; Co. G; m: Jan. 10 (Feb. 22), 62. Dec. 5, 62 Suffolk: absent sick.  Jan. 20, 63 New Bern Stanley Hsp.  Mar. 7, 63 New Bern: discharged Surgeon Cert. - born Armstrong Co..  44  grey eyes  dark hair  5’9”  laborer  remittent fever.  Jan. 11, 1877 Catfish, Clarion Co. died chr. diarr,  rheum.  June 06, 1879 widow Mary C. pension #246484/274302.  1890 Census:  widow Mary; m: Jan. 15, 62 - June 27, 63; res.: Glenshaw, Allegheny Co.

BROWN, James F.:  Pvt.; Co. D; m: Nov. 13, 61.  April 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston.  Oct. 10, 64 Charleston died.  ((Charleston POW dead reinterred Beaufort, SC buried as UNKNOWN.))

BROWN, John H.:  Cpl.; age 28; Co. D; m: Sep. 25, 61. Jan. 2, 64: to 1st. Sgt. March. 19 - April 1864: recruiting.  Aug. 31, 64 Roanoke Island:  arrived or whereabouts known.  June 25, 65 discharged.  June 15, 1889 pension #709105/489548 Ks.  May 3, 1901 Gove Co., Ks. died.  Request for Fed. Headstone: Ks., Trego Co., Collyer Cem. buried.  June 13, 1901 widow Sarah J. pension #743254/529830 Ks.

BROWN, William Scott:  Pvt.; Co. D; m: Nov. 13, 61.  May 28, 62 Yorktown: died. Yorktown Nat. Cem.  #1583 (D386) buried.

BROWNING, Thomas:  Co. A.  Aug. 16, 64 Anders.: died, enteric fever.  Anders. Nat. Cem. #5877 buried.  ((Note:  Not on Pa. Regt. Roster, no mil. file;  Anders. Roster #15877 as 103 Pa. Possibly 2d. NC Union Inf. Regt. captured at Plymouth, posing as 103d to escape hanging.))

BRUNER, George W.:  Pvt.; Co. G; m: Jan. 10, 62.  June 12, 62 NY Times: listed MIA.  July 1862-Sep. 29, 62 hosp.: fever, chr. rheum., typhoid.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston  Florence.  1864:  Florence Stockade Hsp., by train, to Charleston, Ft. Sumpter Dec. 7 (11), 64 Charleston paroled.  Apr. 4, 65 Alexandria Camp Distribution:  to Regt.  June 25, 65 New Bern: mustered out.  July 13, 65 Harrisburg: discharged.  June 22, 1885 pension #542944/368907.  1890 Census:  m: Dec. 25, 61 - July 10, 65  8 mo. Anders. chr. diarr.  Western Pa. Hsp.:  died.

BRUNER (BONNER), John F.  Oct. 30, 1861 Rimersburg enrolled.  Pvt.; age 16; Co. F; m: Dec. 7, 61 (Jan. 10, 62) Camp Orr.  Jan. 1, 62: to Co. G.  Feb. 22, 62 Camp Orr: discharged, minor.  Pvt.;  Co. G, 62 Pa. Inf.; m:  Feb. 5, 64.  June 2, 65 trfd. to Co. I, 155 Pa. Inf.  June 28, 65 trfd. to Co. H, 191 Pa. Inf. ((Bates))   Aug. 16. 1897 widow Elizabeth J. Summery pension #661357/blank.

BRYANT, William:  Pvt.; age 43; Co. K; m: Oct. 28, 61.  Aug. 10, 62 absent sick.  Aug. 14, 62 NY Tribune:  aboard Str. S. R. SPAULDING Harrison’s Landing - Ft. Monroe - Phila. hosp.  Discharged: Harr. Landg. (mil.); Jan. 15, 63 Phila. U. S. Army Hsp. Surg. Cert. - born New Castle  43  5’1”  blue eyes  brown hair  refiner. Jan. 31, 1876 pension #213785/142503 - claimed severely injured his left arm by a falling tree while timber slashing at Harrison Landg.  1906 died.

BRYSON, Robert R.:  1st. Sgt.; age 33; Co. E; m: Dec. 7, 61.  Oct. 28, 62: commissioned and mustered 1st. Lt.  Dec. 14, 62 Battle of Kinston: WIA.  Sep. 18 - Nov. 63: Recruiting.  June 5, 63 Plymouth: appointed to Court Martial Board. Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW   Macon  Camp Asylum, Columbia  Charleston. May 29, 64 Macon: letter to Pvt. Lepley, POW Anders., stating that he had no shelter and not half enough to eat. Oct. 20, 64 Columbia: escaped with Capt. Donaghy.  Oct. 25, 64 New Berry, SC: captured.  Sep. 30, 64 NY Tribune: at Savannah Squad 5 as of  Sep. 1.  Feb. 6, 65 NY Times: listed Columbia.  Mar. 1, 65 N. E. Ferry:  paroled.  March 11, 65 NY Times: aboard Str. GEN. SEDGWICK arrived Annapolis March 7.  March - June 25, 65 Roanoke Island:  commanded  Co. E. (2d.). June 25, 65 New Bern: mustered out.  July 13, 65 Harrisburg: discharged.  1876 R. R. Stevenson, CSA, sold CSA currency at Camp Asylum to R Bryson; res.: Butler, wants repayment.  March 19, 1879 pension #273540/185857 -claimed at Kinston explosion of shell injured back left leg about knee joint. 1890 Census:  1st. Sgt.  Co. E  m: Oct. 61 - July 15, 65; res.: Tarentum. Oct. 5, 98 Pens. Bur.: res. Brackenridge Ave., Tarentum.  Aug. 20, 96 Butler reunion; res.: Tarentum.  March 8, 1901 Allegheny Co., Woodville Hsp. died.  Apr. 20, 1901 widow Nancy A. pension #739577/520051.

BUCHER, Emanuel:  Pvt.; Co. D; m: Nov. 13, 61.  May 31, 62 Battle of Fair Oaks: WIA.  May 31, 62 Battle of Fair Oaks POW   Richmond.  June 6, 62 Richmond Prison Hosp.: died, wounds.  Burial location unknown; possibly in Richmond Shockoe Cem. as UNKNOWN.  June 12, 62 NY Times: WIA Fair Oaks. July 24, 62 NY Times: died prison hosp. Richmond between June 1- July 10. Sep. 19, 62 widow Mary pension #2859/7423.  Feb. 18, 67 minor pension #142433/134495.

BUFORD (BERFOOT), Reuben:  Pvt.; age 18; Co. B; m: Sep. 24, 61. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted. Feb. 2, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Armstrong Co.  21  grey eyes  brown hair  5’11½”  laborer.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders. May 24, 64 Anders Prison Hsp.  June 4, 64 Anders.: died, diarr.  Anders. Nat. Cem. #1601 buried. Aug. 1, 1880 father James pension #276650/204990.

BURFORD, William:  Pvt.; age 18; Co. B; m: Sep. 24, 61.  June 4, 62 absent sick.  June 30, 62 White House Landing: sick.   July 7, 62 NY Tribune:  aboard Str. ST. MARK Yorktown-Ft. Monroe. July 7, 62 received N.Y.C. Bedloes Island Hsp., sick (mil.).  Oct. 31, 62 AWOL since July 10, left sick (mil.).  Feb. 1863: listed deserter.  Aug. 1896 near Zanesville, Ohio died.  Feb. 24, 1913 widow Bettie pension #1002509/rejected Ky.

BURK, James:  Pvt.; Co. K; m: Oct. 28, 61.  Apr. 28, 62 Yorktown: died, measles.  Yorktown Nat. Cem. #321 buried.

BURKHOLDER, Samuel Clarence: Jan. 1, 62 enrolled. Pvt.; Co. H; m: Feb. 22, 62. April 17 - 20, 64 Battle of Plymouth: WIA.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW Anders.  Salisbury  Richmond.  May 29, 64 Salisbury Hsp.  Nov. 26-27, 64  Salisbury Hsp.: scurvy.  Feb. 22, 65 Salisbury to Libby, Richmond.  Feb. 24, 65 Aikens Landing paroled.  May 13, 65 discharged, Surg. Cert.  June 27, 1865 pension #74537/63707.  Salisbury Mon. Ded.; res.: 132 Water St., Butler.  Anders. Mon. Ded.: applied for transportation, did not attend; res.: Plank Road, Butler.  Sep. 20, 06 Butler reunion.  Sep. 16, 09 Foxburg reunion; res.: Butler.  April 8, 1915 Butler CITIZEN: biography-discusses military life, WIA Plymouth, lay on the field from 9am until 9pm without medical aid except what little he begged from CSA soldiers.  Aug. 26, 1915 - July 7, 1916; Aug. 23, 20 -Nov. 15, 20; March 25, 21 - Oct. 14, 1921  Sold. & Sailor’s Nat., Home Hampton, Va.: #24117 GSW right leg  born Pa  68 yrs.  5’8”  gray eyes and hair  reads/writes  Prot.  laborer  res. Pa. married   notify daughter Mrs. G. M. Cyphert  404 W. Clay St., Butler  pension.  Sold. & Sailor’s Home Johnson City, TN. #8076 ((same info))  notify: daughter Mrs. Gertrude Gregg, Hotel Lowery, Butler.  May 1, 24 Nat. Tribune:  died March 15, 1924 Butler, age 77,  Salisbury and Libby Prisons for 10 mo., survived by 4 sons, 5 dau. Butler North Cem. buried - 1846 - 1924 Civil War.  (Note:  listed Anders. Prison #40581-paroled POW.) 

BURNS, Henry J.:  Feb. 26, 64 Allegheny enrolled.  Pvt.; age 20; Co. E; m: Mar. 1, 64.  June 18, 64: Depot to Regt., Roanoke Island.  June 25, 65 New Bern: mustered out.  July 13, 65 Harrisburg: discharged.  May 20, 1885 pension #540364/667344.  1890 Census:  m: Feb. 26, 64 - June 25, 65  chr. rheum from exposure; res.: Flick, Butler Co.  Aug. 20, 96 Butler reunion; res.: Flick.  Sep. 7, 1923 Valencia died.  Nov. 13, 23 widow Matilde pension #1212086/946771. 

BURNS (Burnes), James D.:  Pvt.;  Co. F; m: Dec. 7, 61.  Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.   Feb. 3, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Armstrong Co. 37  blue eyes  black hair  5’8”  collier.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Died Anders. diarr. : July 16, 64 (Regt.); July 14, 64 (mil.- letter signed by 2 POWs); July 12 (affidavit). Anders. Nat. Cem. #3294 buried. 3 December 64 Pittsburgh Dispatch: died Andersonville July 14.  April 25, 65 widow Catherine pension #90898/61797. Dec. 04, 68 minor pension #168635/128442.

BURNS, John M.:  Pvt.;  Co. E; m: Dec. 7, 61.  June 20, 62 NY Tribune:  aboard Str. KNICKERBOCKER White House - Newport News. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.  Feb. 2, 64 Plymouth veteran - born Butler Co.  18  grey eyes  black hair  5’9½”  farmer.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW Anders.  Oct. 3 (2), 64 Anders.: died, scurvy.  Anders. Nat. Cem. #10260 buried.  Oct. 25, 66 widow Ellen J. pension #136153/94300. 

BURNS, Stephen (Steven)  D.: 2d. Lt..; Co. H; m: Feb. 22, 62.  Aug. 1, 62 to 1st. Sgt.  Aug. 15, 62 Harr. Landg.: to hosp. Aug. 19, 62 NY Tribune: aboard Str. S. R. SPAULDING  Ft. Monroe - NYC hospital.  April 1863 present.  May 1, 63 commissioned and mustered 2d. Lt.  April 17-20 Battle of Plymouth:  took 50 men, from various companies, and deployed east of Lee’s Mills Road, along a path to a destroyed bridge on Columbia Road.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Macon till fall 1864   Savannah for 1 month  Charleston for 3 weeks Salisbury   Camp Asylum, Columbia.  Sep. 30, 64 NY Tribune: at Savannah Sqd. 5 Sep. 1.  Feb. 6, NY Times:  POW Columbia.  Mar. 1, 65 N. E. Ferry paroled.  March 11, 65 NY Times: aboard  Str. GEN. SEDGWICK arrived March 7 Annapolis. June 25, 65 New Bern: mustered out.  July 13, 65 Harrisburg:  discharged.  1876 R. R. Stevension, CSA, sold CSA currency at Camp Asylum to S. Burns, Circleville, Pa., requests payment.  Dec. 20, 1882 pension #467357/413647.  1890 Census:  m: Feb. 22, 62 - June 25, 65 piles; res.: Sligo.  Sep. 16, 09 Foxburg reunion; res.: Sligo.  April 27, 22 Nat. Tribune: died March 17, 1922 Sligo, age 82, survived by 4 sons, 1 dau., taken prisoner at Plymouth. 

BURNS, Thomas:  Pvt.; age 18; Co. K; m: Oct. 28, 61.  Mar. 23, 64: to Co. 6, 2 Bn, VRC (changed to Co. G, 21 VRC Regt.) requested station N. J.  Aug. 15, 64: requested return to  Co. K.  Aug. 31, 64 Roanoke Island: arrived or whereabouts known.  Dec. 26, 64 discharged, held beyond term of 3 yr. enlistment, papers lost Battle of Plymouth.  Feb. 05, 1887 pension #596564/507702/XC2684232.  1893 Roster of Nebraska Veterans:  res. Mayflower.  April  4, 1912 Nat. Tribune:  died May 13, 1911 Holstein, Adams Co., Nebraska. May 29, 1911 widow Mary J. pension #965831/725879 Ne.- died Kennesaw, Adams Co. NE. 

BURTNER (BERTNER), Jefferson:  Cpl.; age 17; Co. E; m: Dec. 7, 61. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.  Feb. 2, 64 Plymouth veteran - age 22  brown eyes  black hair  5’5½”  farmer.  April 17 - 20, 64 Battle of Plymouth:  Ft. Williams: left foot amputated by shell fragment fired from 85th NY Redoubt swivel gun; recently captured by CSA.  Apr 20, 64 POW  Anders.  Richmond Oct. 3, 64.  April 20, 64 Plymouth:  Surgeon Gott, 21 Ga., CSA operated left leg, ant. post. flap.  Oct. 8 (20), 64 Aikens Landing paroled.  April 19, 65 discharged, Surg. Cert.  Apr. 22, 65 pension #66424/44715.  Dec. 19, 1913 Camp Hill died.  Feb. 09, 1914 widow Emma J. pension #1021930/777796.  Oct. 1922 Mrs. Emma J. Burtner res. 925 N. Front St., Harrisburg. 

BYERS, James M:  Cpl.;  Co. E; m:  Dec. 7, 61.  Dec. 14, 62 Battle of Kinston: WIA. Dec. 31, 63 Plymouth discharged; reenlisted.  Feb. 2, 64 Plymouth veteran  born Butler Co.  19  blue eyes  brown hair  6½’  farmer.  Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston  Florence.  Died: Nov. 6, 64 Florence (mil.); Camp Parole shortly after parole (Regt.). (Note:  no parole date in file.)  Florence Nat. Mil. Cem. possibly buried as UNKNOWN. 

BYERS (BEYERS, BYRNES), Thomas S.:  Pvt.; Co. E; m: Dec. 7, 61.  July 10, 62 Nat. Tribune: aboard Str. KNICKERBOCKER  arrived Ft. Monroe July 5, sick, fever.  July 14, 62 NY Tribune: aboard Str. STATE OF MAINE Ft. Monroe-NYC hosp. Apr. 20, 64 Plymouth POW  Anders.  Charleston  Florence. Died:  Oct. 26, 64 Florence (mil.); Camp Parole shortly after parole (Regt.). Florence Nat. Mil. Cem. buried as UNKNOWN.